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Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology

Volume  16, Issue 1, January-March 2023, Pages 35-43

Original Article

Stature and its Estimation Utilizing Hand and Foot Measurements in North Indian Population

Aditi Mishra, Deepika Kakkar, Gurpreet Kaur, Tanya Chauhan, Ulhas Gondhali, Krit Pal Singh Kushwaha

Student, Junior Research Fellowship, Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Sciences, National Forensic Sciences University, Rohini 110085, Delhi, India, Lecturer, Jindal Institute of Behavioural Sciences, O.P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat 131029, Haryana, India.

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Background: Stature estimation from body measurements is an important part of forensic and medico-legal cases especially in victim identifcation, where mutilated and amputated body parts are encountered at the crime scene. Hand and foot dimensions are the important features in context of stature estimation. The present study was conducted to find out the correlation of length and breadth of hand and foot in the stature of the North Indians.

Methods: Anthropometric data from 413 males and 413 females were collected. Simple and multiple linear regression methods were used for estimation of stature from hand length, hand breadth, foot length and foot breadth measurements.

Results: Statistically signifcant results (p <0.001) are obtained with each measurement when the derived model is tested for stature estimation. Hand length in both sexes showed highest correlation with the stature whereas foot breadth showed the lowest. Multiple regression models showed low standard error of estimate (SEE).

Conclusion: The results of this study showed that, from a forensic stand point, measurements of the hands and feet may be employed to estimate the stature of North Indian populations.

Keywords : Forensic anthropology; Foot anthropometry; Hand anthropometry; Stature; North India.
Corresponding Author : Ulhas Gondhali