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RFP Journal of Dermatology

Volume  2, Issue 1, January - June 2017, Pages 11-13

 

Original Article

Epidemiological Study of Various Dermatological Conditions in Tribal Area of Valsad, India
Bhuvnesh Shah*, Keya Sheth Shah**
*Professor and Head, Department of Dermatology, Government Medical College Valsad, Gujarat, India. **Dermatologist, Skin care Clinic, Surat, Gujarat.
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Abstract

Skin diseases and their complications are a significant burden on health system of many nations.Information on prevalence would be useful in planning an effective healthcare system. Objective: To identify the spectrum of dermatological disorders in the tribal area of Valsad(India). Methods: In this retrospective follow up, 4283 patients with skin disorders were randomly selected from dermatology outpatient department of a government centre between 1/11/2016 to 1/2/17. Results: A total of 4283 patient data collected which included males: 2718 ( 63.56 %) and females: 1565 (36.54%). The patients were divided into different age groups as 1-15(n = 259), 16-60 (n = 3685), 61and above(n = 339). Among infective dermatological disorder, Tinea was the most frequent diagnosis, comprising 40% (1718/4283), while scabies 6.5% (279/4283), and Hansens disease 1.9% (82/4283). The non infectious dermatological conditions largely included Urticaria 6.7%(291/4283), Eczema 6%(261/4283) and Acne Vulgaris 3.19%(137/4283). Under Infectious dermatological disorders, the male exhibited significantly higher cases of Tinea infection than females [male: (26.2%)1126/4283 vs. female:(13.8%) 592/4283]. Under non infectious disorders, Eczema was more commonly seen in males than females [male:161/4283 vs. female 100/4283]. Conclusion: Tinea happens to be the most prominent infection among the Indian population owing to the work, working condition and Climate.This is followed by scabies and Hansens. This study helps in creating awareness about the means of prevention and adopting certain life style. This study also helps in highlighting certain factors which can make a decisive role in planing of core health care system,prevent morbidity, mortality and also provide proper understanding of the nature and the course of disease

Keywords: Epidemiological Study; Valsad; Tribal Area


Corresponding Author : Keya Sheth Shah, 308, Takshashilla Apartment, Majura Gate, Surat 395001, Gujarat, India.