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International Journal of Neurology and Neurosurgery

Volume  4, Issue 1, January - June 2012, Pages 13-20


Review Article

Clinical risk Factors affecting the Outcome of Cranial Tuberculosis
Mohammed Bangash
Assistant Professor, Section of Neurological Surgery, Department of Surgery, King Abdulaziz University, P.O Box 42806 Jeddah 21551, Saudi Arabia.
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Objective: To discover the clinical risk factors that may affect the outcome, over a 6-year period of CTB at King Abdul Aziz University Hospital (KAUH), Jeddah, Design: Retrospective study From January 2005 to December 2010. Results: A total of 78 cases were reviewed. 34 (43.59%) males and 44 (56.41%) females. Factors that may lead to poor prognosis were: old age (p<.047), headache (p<.025), history of weakness (p<.005), classic TB symptoms (p<.001), history of contact with a TB patient (p<.006), HIV (p<.001), elevated ESR (p<.001) and altered mental status (p<.001). Conclusion: CTB presentation is usually with headache. Clinical risk factors are: headache, weakness, ESR and others. Patients with those risk factors should receive full medical treatment.

Keywords: Tuberculoma, Meningitis, Tuberculosis, Saudi Arabia,  Jeddah 

Corresponding Author : Mohammed Bangash